Background: Office of Health and Human Services of Rhode Island (0HHS-RI) provides care to the most vulnerable people in the state living with HIV. While most of their clients achieve viral load suppression, the majority of these individuals still lack the support they need to tackle mental health issues, manage comorbidities, be physically active, and address other social determinants of Health. Digital health technologies have demonstrated value to provide this support and help people manage whole health. Digital platforms can deliver tailored health interventions and improved outcomes for people with HIV. However, this vulnerable population most in need of that support lacks access to current technology and platforms designed to meet their particular needs.
Objective: The objective wo design, deploy, and assess an evidence-based digital health platform to support healthy habits and improve outcomes for the target population, TAVIE Red. The platform is the product of two years of patient-centered iterative design and built upon theories of behavioral medicine. The core technology is a clinically-validated virtual nurse app that delivers tailored education to users. On the patient app, clients self-manage health (eg, monitor symptoms and receive treatment reminders), access social services (eg, locate food banks and clinics) and receive evidence-based interventions to promote mental and physical health (eg, decrease stress and increase physical activity). Users receive personalized feedback and rewards that incentivize and engage during each phase of treatment. On the professional portal, case managers can monitor clients remotely, receive actionable insights, and intervene appropriately. Administrators access real-time analytics on health status and delivery of services through a set of customizable dashboards.
Methods: Eligible clients received an Android phone preloaded with the app. Case managers received access to the professional platform on a desktop and in some cases, tablet devices to use the app in the field. Three generations of the platform were deployed over a two-year period. Participants completed a survey at baseline and follow-up on paper and digitally through the app. Thus far, 200 people living with HIV have participated in this program along with their case managers.
Results: Two years into the project, users are engaged with the app, enjoying it, and benefiting from it. Seventy-seven percent of users actively engage with the app, earning points and progressing through the coaching sessions with 67% completing self-assessments through the app and most track measures including physical activity, symptoms, and CD4 count and viral load. There was a 5% increase in viral suppression in this population over two years. Eighty-eight percent of users recommend the app to others.
Conclusions: To date, the TAVIE platform is an engaging appealing platform. Users remain on the app over time and report great benefits of use. Formal evaluation of outcomes ongoing.
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Edited by R Palacholla; This is a non–peer-reviewed article. submitted 17.06.19; accepted 14.08.19; published 02.10.19Copyright
©Ezzat Saad, Claire Kamoun. Originally published in Iproceedings (http://www.iproc.org), 02.10.2019
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